As The Record was originally a printed volume, biographies of Old Westminsters include many abbreviations used to save space. Details of these contractions, organised by the section of a biography they are most likely to be encountered in, are listed below.


adm. Admitted
bapt. Baptised
Bart. Baronet
bur. Buried
c.p. Civil Partnership
cr. Created
div. Divorced
DNB [Oxford] Dictionary of National Biography
Hon. Honorary/Honourable
incl. Including
lic. License
migr.     Migrated
Succ. Succeeded (regarding hereditary titles)
unm. Unmarried
Ven. Venerable


adm. Admitted
BB Bishop’s Boy
HS Honorary Scholar
KS King’s Scholar
Min. Can.   Minor Candidate (unsuccessful attempt to become a scholar)
Prin. Opp. Princeps Oppidanorum, literally 'Head Town Boy'
QS Queen’s Scholar

School houses

Pairs of letters, e.g. BB, indicates multiple members of the same house

A or AHH     Ashburnham
B Busby’s
C College
D Dales (pre 1976) or Dryden’s (post 1976)
G Grant’s
H Homeboarders’
Ha Hakluyt’s
L Liddell’s
M Milne’s
P Purcell’s
R Rigaud’s
W Wren’s

Further Education

AB Bachelor of Arts (US)
adm. pens. Admitted pensioner (paid own tuition)
BA Bachelor of Arts
BChir Bachelor of Surgery
BCL Bachelor of Civil Law
BD Bachelor of Divinity
BDS Bachelor of Dental Surgery
BS or BSc Bachelor of Science
BTh Bachelor of Theology
Ch. Ch. Oxf. Christ Church College, Oxford
ChB Bachelor of Surgery
CM Master of Surgery
Coll. College
CUBC Cambridge University Boat Club
DCL Doctor of Civil Law
DD Doctor of Divinity
Dip. Arch. Diploma, Architecture
DipCe Diploma, Civil Engineering
DipFM Diploma, Financial Management
DipT&CP Diploma, Town and Country Planning
DipTP Diploma, Town Planning
DM Doctor of Medicine
DMRT Diploma, Medical Radiology Technology
DPhil Doctor of Philosophy (Oxford)
Dsc Doctor of Science
ICE Institution of Civil Engineers
KCL King’s College London
LLB Bachelor of [Civil] Laws
LM Licentiate, Midwifery
LMSSA Licentiate, Medicine and Surgery of the Society of Apothecaries
LRCP Licentiate, Royal College of Physicians
LRCS Licentiate, Royal College of Surgeons
LRIBA Licentiate, Royal Institute of British Architects
LSA Licentiate, Society of Apothecaries
LSE London School of Economics
MA Master of Arts
matric. Matriculated
MB Bachelor of Medicine
MFA Master of Fine Arts
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)
MS or MSc Master of Surgery
MSFA Master of Science in Financial Analysis
NPLQ National Pool Lifeguard Qualification
Pemb. Coll. Camb.   Pembroke College, Cambridge
PGCE Postgraduate Certificate in Education
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
RCM Royal College of Music
RCP Royal College of Physicians
RCS Royal College of Science
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RMA Royal Military Academy
RMC Royal Military College
ScD Doctor of Science
Sch. School
SOAS School of Oriental & African Studies
Trin. Coll. Camb. Trinity College, Cambridge
UCL University College London


AC Aircraftsman
ACA Associate, Institute of Chartered Accountants
ACCA Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
ADC Aide de Camp
Adjt. Adjutant
Adm. Admiral
AEA American Economic Association
AFC Air Force Cross
AG Aktiengesellschaft (German PLC)
AIA American Institute of Architects
AMIAgrE Associate Member, Institution of Agricultural Engineers
AMICE Associate Member, Institution of Civil Engineers
AMIChemE Associate Member, Institution of Chemical Engineers
AMIEE Associate Member, Institution of Electrical Engineers
AMIMarE Associate Member, Institute of Marine Engineers
AMIMechE Associate Member, Institution of Mechanical Engineers
AMRAeS Associate Member, Royal Aeronautical Society
AMTPI Associate Member, Town Planning Institute
AOC Air Officer in charge of Administration
APM Assistant Provost Marshal
APTC Army Physical Training Corps
ARA Associate, Royal Academy, London
ARAeS Associate, Royal Aeronautical Society
ARIBA Associate, Royal Institute of British Architects
ARICS Associate, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
ARSM Associate, Royal Schools of Music
ASC Army Service Corps
assoc. Associate
asst. Assistant
AWRE Atomic Weapons Research Establishment
BAOR British Army of the Rhine
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
Bde Brigade
BEF British Expeditionary Force
BMA British Medical Association
Brig. -Gen. Brigadier-General
CA Chartered Accountant
called to bar   Barrister
Capt. Captain
CB The Most Honourable Order of the Bath
CBE Commander, Order of the British Empire
CC County Council; City Council; Chamber of Commerce; County Court
CCC County Cricket Club
Cdr. Commander
Cdre. Commodore
CEng Chartered Engineer
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CFO Chief Financial Officer
chmn. Chairman
CinC Commander in Chief
CISA Certified Information Systems Auditor
CMG Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
CMS Church Missionary Society
CNA Certified Nursing Assistant
CO Commanding Officer
co. Company
col. Colonel
Comdr. Commander
comms. Communications
Cons. Conservative (Political Party)
consult. Consultant
CPRE Campaign to Protect Rural England
CRAeS Companion, Royal Aeronautical Society
CVO Chief Visionary Officer
DAQMG Deputy Adjutant and Quartermaster-General
DBE Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
DC District Council
DDS Doctor of Dental Surgery
dep. Deputy
Dept. Department
dir. Director
Divn. Division
DL Deputy Lieutenant
DO Osteopathic Doctor; Director of Operations
DOE Department of Education; Department of Energy
DPM Doctor of Physical Medicine
DSC Distinguished Service Cross
DSO Distinguished Service Order
EIC East India Company
exec. Executive
exhib. Exhibition(er)
FA Football Association
FAIA Fellow, American Institute of Architects
FAPM Fellow, Association for Project Management
FBA Fellow, British Academy
FCA Financial Conduct Authority
FCIArb Fellow, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
FCIBSE Fellow, Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers
FCO Foreign and Commonwealth Office
FCWA Fellow, Institute of Cost and Works Accountants
FEng Fellow, Engineering
FFARCS Fellow, Faculty of Anaesthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons
FGS Fellow, Geological Society
FIA Fellow, Institute of Actuaries
FICE Fellow, Institution of Civil Engineers
FIChemE Fellow, Institution of Chemical Engineers
FIHT Fellow, Institute of Highways and Transportation
FIMA Fellow, Institute of Mathematics and its Applications
FIMechE Fellow, Institution of Mechanical Engineers
FInstP Fellow, Institute of Physics
FIStructE Fellow, Institution of Structural Engineers
FLS Fellow, Linnaean Society
Flt Lieut. Flight Lieutenant
FM Field Marshall
FO Field Officer
FPS Fellow, Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain
FRAeS Fellow, Royal Aeronautical Society
FRAM Fellow, Royal Academy of Music
FRCM Fellow, Royal College of Midwives
FRCOG Fellow, Royal College of Obstetricians
FRCP Fellow, Royal College of Physicians
FRCS Fellow, Royal Colleges of Surgeons
FREng Fellow, Royal Academy of Engineering
FRHistS Fellow, Royal Historical Society
FRIBA Fellow, Royal Institute of British Architects
FRIC Fellow, Royal Institute of Chemistry
FRINA Fellow, Royal Institution of Naval Architects
FRS Fellow, Royal Society
FRSA Fellow, Royal Society of Arts
FRSC Fellow, Royal Society of Chemistry
FRSE Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh
FRTPI Fellow, Royal Town Planning Institute
FSA Fellow, Society of Antiquaries
FSEE Fellow, Society of Environmental Engineers
FSI Fellow, Chartered Surveyors' Institution
FZS Fellow, Zoological Society
GBE Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
GCB Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
GCH Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order (Hanoverian Order)
GCIE Knight Grand Cross of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
GCMG Grand Cross of St Michael and St George
GCSI Knight Grand Cross of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
GCVO Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
GHQ General Headquarters
GP General Practitioner
GSO General Staff Officer
GWR Great Western Railway
HAC Honourable Artillery Company
HLI Highland Light Infantry
HM Headmaster
Hosp. Hospital
IA Indian Army
ICS Indian Civil Service
ILEA Institute for Lifecycle Environmental Assessment
IMechE Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Inst. Institute
internat. International
ISO (Companion of the) Imperial Service Order
JP Justice of the Peace
jun. Junior
KB Knight Bachelor; Knight of the Order of the Bath
KBE Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
KC King’s Counsel
KCB Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
KCH Knight commander of the Royal Guelphic Order (Hanoverian Order)
KCIE Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
KCMG Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
KCSI Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
KCVO Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
KG Knight Companion of the Most Ancient Order of the Garter
KP Knight, Order of St Patrick
KT Knight, Order of the Thistle
Lab Labour (Political Party); Laboratory
LCC London County Council
Lieut. Lieutenant
LMS London, Midland and Scottish Railway
LPTB London Passenger Transport Board
ltd. Limited
Maj. Major
man. Manager
MBE Member, Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
MBIM Member, British Institute of Management
MC Military Cross
MCIBSE Member, Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers.
MCIHT Member, Chartered Institution of Highways & Transportation
MD Medical Doctor
med. Medical
MEP Member of European Parliament
MIAgrE Member, Institution of Agricultural Engineers
MICE Member, Institution of Civil Engineers
MIChemE Member, Institution of Chemical Engineers
MIEE Member, Institution of Electrical Engineers
MIERE Member, Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers
MIMarE Member, Institute of Marine Engineers
MIMechE Member, Institution of Mechanical Engineers
MIMinE Member, Institute of Mining Engineers
MIMM Member, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy
MInstCE Member, Institution of Civil Engineers
MInstISP Member, Institute of Information Security Professionals
MInstP Member, Institute of Physics
MIProdE Member, Institution of Production Engineers
MIStructE Member, Institution of Structural Engineers
MO Medical Officer
MOD Ministry of Defence
MP Member of Parliament
MRAC Member, Royal Agricultural College
MRAeS Member, Royal Aeronautical Society
MRCGP Member, Royal College of General Practitioners
MRCOG Member, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
MRCP Member, Royal College of Physicians
MRCPath Member, Royal College of Pathologists
MRCPsych Member, Royal College of Psychiatrists
MRCS Member, Royal College of Surgeons
MRCVS Member, Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
MRIA Member, Royal Irish Academy
MRINA Member, Royal Institution of Naval Architects
MRSC Member, Royal Society of Chemistry
MRTPI Member, Royal Town Planning Institute
MSAID Member, Society of Industrial Artists and Designers
Nat. National
OBE Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
OC Officer Commanding
OM Order of Merit
ops. Operations
ord. Ordained
OTC Officers Training Corps
PC Privy Councillor; Police Constable
PLA Port of London Authority
plc. PLC [Public Limited Company]
PMO Principal Medical Officer
PO Petty Officer; Pilot Officer
Pres. President
Prof. Professor
PS Permanent/Private Secretary
PWD Public Works Department
QC Queen’s Counsel
QMC Quality Management Coordinator
QMG Quartermaster-General
QSO Queen's Service Order (New Zealand)
RA Royal Artillery; Rear Admiral
RAAF Royal Auxiliary Air Force
RAF Royal Air Force
RAFVR Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
RAMC Royal Army Medical Corps
RARO Regular Army Reserve of Officers
RASC Royal Army Service Corps
RBA Royal Society of British Artists
RD Royal Dragoons
RDC Royal Defence Corps; Rural District Council
RE Royal Engineers
Regt. Regiment
res. Resident
retd. Retired
RFA Royal Field Artillery; Royal Fleet Auxiliary
RFC Royal Flying Corps
RHA Royal Horse Artillery
RIASC Royal Indian Army Service Corps
RM Royal Marines; Resident Magistrate
RMA Royal Marine Artillery
RN Royal Navy
RNR Royal Naval Reserve
RNR Royal Naval Reserve
RNVR Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
RO Receiving Officer
Roy. Royal
RSPB Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
RUSI Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies
RYA Royal Yachting Association
sec. Secretary
Sen. Senior
SHAEF Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force
SMO Senior Medical Officer
Spec. Res. Special Reserve
SPG Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
Sqdn Ldr Squadron Leader
St Barts St Bartholomews
St Thom. St Thomas's
TA Territorial Army
TD Territorial Decoration
TF Territorial Force
UDC Urban District Council
UKSIF United Kingdom Sustainable Investment and Finance
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
VC Victoria Cross
VD Victorian Decoration
VSO Voluntary Service Overseas
WO Warrant Officer
WRAF Women's Royal Air Force
WRNS Women’s Royal Naval Service
WWF World Wide Fund for Nature; World Wildlife Fund (pre-1986)
YMCA Young Men's Christian Association