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Finch, Heneage, Earl of Nottingham, 1621-1682

  • GB-2014-WSA-01074
  • Person
  • 1621-1682

FINCH, HENEAGE, 1ST EARL OF NOTTINGHAM, eldest son of Sir Heneage Finch, Kt, MP, Kensington, Middlesex, Recorder of London, Speaker House of Commons, and his first wife Frances, dau. of Sir Edmund Bell, Beaupré Hall, Norfolk; nephew of Francis Finch (qv); b. 23 Dec 1621; at school under Osbaldeston (Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, iv, 66); Christ Church, Oxford, matr. 18 Feb 1635/6, having Richard Busby (qv) as his tutor (HMC Finch MSS, I, 229-30); DCL 7 Nov 1665; adm. Inner Temple 25 Nov 1638, called to bar 30 Jan 1645/6, Bencher 29 Jun 1660, Treasurer 1661-73; MP Canterbury Apr-Oct 1660, Oxford University Apr 1661-Dec 1673; Solicitor-Gen. 6 Jun 1660 - May 1670; created baronet 7 Jun 1660; Attorney-Gen., 10 May 1670 - Nov 1673; Lord Keeper of the Great Seal 9 Nov 1673; Privy Councillor 12 Nov 1673; created Baron Finch 10 Jan 1673/4; Lord Chancellor from 19 Dec 1674; Lord Lieut. Somerset from 1674; presided as Lord High Steward at the trial of the Earl of Pembroke for manslaughter 1677, and at that of Lord Stafford for treason 1680; created Earl of Nottingham 12 May 1681; an able and zealous supporter of the Church of England and the Crown; never the subject of parliamentary attack or ever lost the confidence of Charles II; the Amri of Dryden’s Absalom and Achitophel; m. 30 Jul 1646 Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Daniel Harvey, Folkestone, Kent, a Turkey merchant in the City of London; d. 18 Dec 1682. DNB.

Jeffreys, George, 1648-1689

  • GB-2014-WSA-10040
  • Person
  • 1648-1689

JEFFREYS, GEORGE, 1ST BARON JEFFREYS OF WEM, sixth son of John Jeffreys, Acton, near Wrexham, Denbighshire, and Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas Ireland, Kt, Beausay, near Warrington, Lancs.; b. 1648; at Shrewsbury Sch., adm. 1654, aged 10 (sic), and then at St. Paul’s Sch.; adm. 1661 (Howell, State Trials, x, 299); Trinity Coll. Cambridge, adm. pens. 15 Mar 1662/3; adm. Inner Temple 19 May 1663, called to bar 22 Nov 1668, Bencher Jan 1678; Common Serjeant, City of London 17 Mar 1671; knighted 14 Sep 1677; Recorder of London 22 Oct 1678 – 2 Dec 1680, when he resigned after being reprimanded at bar of House of Commons for obstructing petitions for the assembly of Parliament; Solicitor-Gen. to Duke of York Jan 1679; Chief Justice of Chester 27 Apr 1680-3; Serjeant-at-Law 12 May 1680; created baronet 17 Nov 1681; active in obtaining the “quo warranto” against the City and in the prosecution of Lord Russell; Lord Chief Justice of the King’s Bench 29 Sep 1683 – Sep 1685; Privy Councillor 4 Oct 1683; presided at trials of Algernon Sidney and Titus Oates; created Baron Jeffreys of Wem 15 May 1685; held the “bloody assize” in the West of England after the suppression of Monmouth’s rebellion; Lord Chancellor 28 Sep 1685 – 8 Dec 1688; chief of the commission for inspecting ecclesiastical affairs 1686; one of the seven Privy Councillors who regulated the municipal corporations 1687; Lord Lieut., Shropshire, from 11 Aug 1687; Lord Lieut., Buckinghamshire 12 Nov 1687 – 4 Apr 1689; a member of the council of five lords in the absence of James II from London; arrested in disguise at Wapping Dec 1688 and conveyed to Tower of London; in Jan 1687 he gave £12 to the Dean and Chapter “for the education of two poore schollers at the Schoole in Westminster”; m. 1st, 23 May 1667 Sarah, dau. of Rev. Thomas Neesham, Rector of Stoke D’Abernon, Surrey; m. 2nd, Jun 1679 Ann, widow of Sir John Jones, Kt, Fonmon, Glamorgan, and dau. of Sir Thomas Bludworth, Kt, Lord Mayor of London; d. while a prisoner in Tower of London, 18 Apr 1689. DNB.