Showing 14 results

People & Organisations
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Abbot, Charles, Baron Colchester, 1757-1829

  • GB-2014-WSA-00184
  • Person
  • 1757-1829

ABBOT, CHARLES, 1ST BARON COLCHESTER, younger brother of John Farr Abbot (qv); b. 14 Oct 1757; adm. Mar 1763; KS (Capt) 1770; both “acted and looked Thais extremely well in the Eunuchus” of 1772 (Random Recollections of George Colman the Younger, 1830, i, 74); Captain of the School 1774; elected head to Christ Church, Oxford 1775, matr. 14 June 1775, Westminster Student 22 Dec 1775 - 20 Oct 1783, Faculty Student 20 Oct 1783 - res 17 Dec 1796; Chancellor’s Prize for Latin Verse 1777; Vinerian Scholar 1781, Fellow 1786-92; BCL 1783; DCL 1793; Geneva Univ. 1778-9; adm. Middle Temple 14 Oct 1768, called to bar 9 May 1783, Bencher 12 Feb 1802; in brother’s chambers at 11 Kings Bench Walk, Temple, Nov 1779; adm. Inner Temple 25 Nov 1784 and 29 Apr 1785, tenant of chambers there Nov 1784 - May 1788; adm Lincoln’s Inn 26 May 1785; FSA 13 Dec 1792; FRS 14 Feb 1793; Clerk of the Rules, Court of King’s Bench 1794-1801; MP Helston 19 Jun 1795-1802, Woodstock 1802-6, Oxford University 1806-Jun 1817; made his parliamentary reputation as chairman, Select Committee on Finance 1797-8; introduced first Census Act into House of Commons Dec 1800; Chief Secretary for Ireland Feb 1801-Feb 1802, also Secretary of State for Ireland Jun 1801 - Feb 1802; Privy Councillor 21 May 1801; Recorder of Oxford May 1801-Oct 1806; Keeper of Privy Seal (I) from May 1801; hon. LLD Trinity Coll. Dublin 6 Jun 1801; elected Speaker of the House of Commons 10 Feb 1802; resigned on account of ill-health 28 May 1817; cr. Baron Colchester 3 Jun 1817; travelled on European Continent 1819-22; on return took active part in politics until death; a Busby Trustee from 18 May 1802; his Diary and Correspondence were published by his son Charles Abbot, 2nd Baron Colchester (qv), in 1861; m. 29 Dec 1796 Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Sir Philip Gibbes, Bart., Spring Head, Barbados, West Indies; d. 8 May 1829; buried in North Transept, Westminster Abbey. Arms up School. DNB.

Busby, Richard, 1606-1695

  • GB-2014-WSA-00002
  • Person
  • 1606-1695

BUSBY, RICHARD, second son of Richard Busby, Lutton, otherwise Sutton St. Nicholas, Lincs., and ---, sister of Henry Robinson, Westminster ; b. 22 Sep 1606 ; adm. ; KS (Capt.) ; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1624, matr. 10 Feb 1625/6, Westminster Student to 1661, Tutor 1632-7 ; BA 1628 (incorp.Camb.1628) ; MA 1631 ; DD 1660 ; acted the part of Cratander in Cartwright’s Royal Slave before the King and Queen at Christ Church 30 Aug 1636, with great success ; ordained ; appointed Head Master of the School in the place of Lambert Osbaldeston (qv) in 1638/9, but not confirmed in that office until 23 Dec 1640 ; Prebendary of Wells and Rector of Cudworth, Somerset, 1 Jul 1639 ; ejected from his stall and rectory during the Commonwealth, but was allowed to retain his Studentship at Christ Church and his post at Westminster ; there is no evidence that he took either the Covenant or the Engagement, and of his loyalty both to Church and King there is no question ; Robert South (qv) relates that “the King was publicly prayed for in this school but an hour or two (at most) before his sacred head was struck off”, while John Owen, Dean of Christ Church, used often to say that “it would never be well with the nation till this School was suppressed” (Sermons preached upon several occasions by Robert South, 1865, i, 420-32) ; his chief trouble during the Commonwealth seems to have been with the Under Master, Edward Bagshaw (qv), who was eventually dismissed from the School by the Governors, May 1658 ; restored as Prebendary of Wells on the Restoration, also Canon Residentiary and Treasurer from 11 Aug 1660 ; Proctor in Convocation, Diocese of Bath and Wells ; Prebendary of Westminster from 5 Jul 1660, Treasurer 1660-72, Archdeacon from 1672 ; carried the ampulla at the Coronation of Charles II, 23 Apr 1661, and the orb and cross at the Coronation of James II, 23 Apr 1685 ; a great schoolmaster and a most successful teacher ; “the soil”, says Steele, “which he manured, always grew fertile” ; gained the respect and veneration of his pupils in spite of his excessive use of the birch ; his chair is preserved up School, and many of the books which he bequeathed to the School are still in the Busby Library, built by him at his own expense ; the Busby Trustees, thirteen in number and always OWW, still carry out the charitable trusts of his will for the benefit of the poorer clergy and others ; author, Graecae Grammaticae Rudimenta, 1663, and other books for the use of the School ; d. unm. 5 Apr 1695 ; buried in the Choir, Westminster Abbey, in front of the steps leading to the Sacrarium, under the black and white marble pavement of which he was the donor ; monument by Bird in Poet’s Corner. DNB ; see also G.F.Russell Barker, Memoir of Richard Busby, 1695.

Goodenough, Edmund, 1785-1845

  • GB-2014-WSA-00015
  • Person
  • 1785-1845

GOODENOUGH, EDMUND, son of Samuel Goodenough (qv); b. 6 Apr 1785; adm.; KS (Capt. ) 1797; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1801, matr. 15 May 1801, Westminster Student, Tutor, Censor; BA 1805; MA 1807; BD 1819; DD 1820; Public Examiner 1811-3; Proctor 1816; Select Preacher 1817; ordained; Perpetual Curate of Cowley, Oxfordshire 1810; Vicar of Warkworth, Northumberland, 18 Jun 1818; Sub-Almoner to the King c. 1820 – c. 1833; Head Master of the School Sep 1819 – Aug 1828; Vicar of Wath-upon-Dearne, Yorks., 1821; Prebendary of York from 23 Jun 1824; Prebendary of Carlisle from 22 Apr 1826; Prebendary of Westminster 2 Jun 1826 – res Sep 1831; Dean of Wells from 6 Sep 1831; FRS 1 Apr 1824; a Busby Trustee from 27 May 1823; m. 31 May 1821 Frances, sister of Charles Robert Cockerell (qv); d. 2 May 1845. DNB.

Hastings, Warren, 1732-1818

  • GB-2014-WSA-00014
  • Person
  • 1732-1818

HASTINGS, WARREN, second son of Rev. Penyston Hastings, Vicar of Bledington, Gloucs., and Hester, dau. of Thomas Warren, Stubhill, near Twining, Gloucs.; b. 6 Dec 1732; adm. May 1743; KS (Capt. ) 1747; left 1749; Writer, EICS Bengal 1749; landed at Calcutta 8 Oct 1750; Resident, Murshidabad 1757-60; member of council, Calcutta 1761-4; returned to England 1764; gave evidence on India to a committee of the House of Commons 1766; Second on Council, Madras 1769-72; Governor of Bengal 13 Apr 1772 – Oct 1774, Governor-Gen. of Bengal 20 Oct 1774 – Feb 1785; reorganised financial and judicial system in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa; assisted Nawab of Oudh against the Rohillas; took measures against dacoits; named as first Governor-General of Bengal in Act of 1773; opposed by majority on new Council; charged with corruption by Nuncomar, who was subsequently arrested on a charge of forgery in a private suit instigated by an Indian, and hanged; took measures to improve the EI Company’s finances; supported by Supreme Court, Calcutta, which ignored the acceptance by the Company’s directors of his provisional resignation; fought a duel with Sir Philip Francis, who had persistently opposed him in Council, 17 Aug 1780; drove Haidar Ali out of the Carnatic; deposed Chait Singh, Zemindar of Benares, and seized his treasure 1781; suspected of conniving at the imprisonment of the Begums of Oudh and the seizure of their property; concluded treaty with Tippoo Sultan in 1783 which laid foundation for British supremacy in India; founded Asiatic Society of Bengal and the Calcutta Madrisa; left India Feb 1785; returned to England 13 Jun 1785; his impeachment on ground of corruption and cruelty in his administration of Bengal voted by a large majority in the House of Commons 3 Apr 1787; his trial in Westminster Hall occupied 145 days between 13 Feb 1788 and 23 Apr 1795, but resulted in an acquittal; retired to estate at Daylesford, Worcs., purchased by him in 1788; Privy Councillor 6 May 1814; FRS 25 Jun 1801; DCL Oxford 30 Jun 1813; one of donors of Warren Hastings Cup; m. 1st, 1757 Mary, widow of Capt. John Buchanan, Craigieven; m. 2nd, 8 Aug 1777 Anna Maria Apollonia, mother of Sir Charles Imhoff (qv), widow of Baron Christopher Adam Carl von Imhoff, and dau. of Baron von Chapuset; d. 22 Aug 1818. DNB. Monument in North Transept, Westminster Abbey.

Impey, Elijah, Sir, 1732-1809

  • GB-2014-WSA-00019
  • Person
  • 1732-1809

IMPEY, SIR ELIJAH, brother of Michael Impey (adm. 1730, qv); b. 13 Jun 1732; adm. Sep 1740; KS 1747; Capt. of the School 1751; Trinity Coll. Cambridge, adm. pens. 28 Jan 1752, scholar 24 Apr 1752, matr. Easter 1754; Chancellor’s Second Medal 1756; BA 1756; MA 1759; Minor Fellow, Trinity Coll. 3 Oct 1757, Major Fellow 4 Jul 1759; adm. Lincoln’s Inn 8 Nov 1751, called to bar 23 Nov 1756; Western Circuit; Recorder of Basingstoke 11 Apr 1766-73; adm. Inner Temple 20 Nov 1766, tenant chambers there 21 Nov 1766 – 16 Jun 1768; Counsel for East India Company before House of Commons 1772; Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Bengal 22 Mar 1774 – 1 Nov 1787; knighted 30 Mar 1774; confirmed committal of Nuncomar for forgery and sentenced him to death 1775; ruled that Warren Hastings (qv) had not resigned the post of Governor-General 1777; his judicial powers were restricted by a compromise between Hastings and Philip Francis 1779; President of new Appeal Court (Sadar Diwani Adalat) over local tribunals 1780-2; recalled to defend himself against charges of illegality brought by Francis 1783; defended himself successfully against six charges at bar of House of Commons 1788, including the proceedings against Nuncomar and the exercise of extended judicial powers contrary to his patent; MP New Romney 1790-6; his biography was written by his son, Elijah Barwell Impey (qv), and published in 1846; m. 18 Jan 1768 Mary, dau. of Sir John Reade, Bart., Shipton Court, Oxfordshire; d. 1 Oct 1809. DNB.

Ireland, Richard, 1571-1636

  • GB-2014-WSA-09909
  • Person
  • 1571-1636

IRELAND, RICHARD, son of Richard Ireland, King Street, Westminster, fishmonger, and Margaret Floud; bapt. 15 Jul 1571; at school (aged 11) 2 Jul 1582; QS; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1587, matr. 9 Feb 1587/8, Westminster Student to 1598; BA 1591; MA 1594; Head Master of the School 1598- still Jan 1610, when in consideration of his health a joint patent of the Head Mastership, dated 25 Jan 1609/10, was granted to him and to John Wilson (elected Oxford 1602, qv); a few months later he became a Roman Catholic and fled to France; resident at Collège d’Arras, Paris, at 10 Jan 1617; living in London as a RC priest in 1623 (Foley, History of the English Province, i, 680); d. c. 1636 (will dated Douai 9 Oct 1636, proved Paris 12 Jul 1637).

Jackson, Cyril, 1746-1819

  • GB-2014-WSA-00010
  • Person
  • 1746-1819

JACKSON, CYRIL, eldest son of Cyril Jackson MD, York, and Judith, widow of William Rawson, Nidd Hall and Bradford, Yorks., and dau. of John Prescott, Halifax, Yorks., surgeon; bapt. 23 Jul 1746; adm. Manchester GS 1755; adm.; KS (Capt., aged 14) 1760; elected head to Trinity Coll. Cambridge 1764, but went to Christ Church, Oxford, matr. 26 Jun 1764, Canoneer Student 22 Dec 1764 – void 16 Jun 1779, Librarian 1778; BA 1768; MA 1771; BD 1777; DD 1781; Sub-Preceptor to the two eldest sons of George III Apr 1771-6; ordained priest 2 Feb 1777 (York); Rector of Carlton in Lindrick, Notts., 4 Aug 1778 – Oct 1779; Preacher at Lincoln’s Inn May 1779-83; Canon of Christ Church, Oxford 5 Jun 1779 – Jul 1783, Dean 27 Jul 1783 – 1809; Prebendary of Southwell 1786-7; declined Bishopric of Oxford 1799 and Primacy of Ireland 1800; retired to Felpham, Sussex 1809; FRS 16 Jan 1772; Busby Trustee 8 May 1800; a distinguished scholar and mathematician, with a dignified presence, and a strong and charming personality, who devoted himself heart and soul to the welfare of his college; his gold-headed cane, which he used to carry, was carefully preserved at the School, and used by the actors in the Latin Plays; d. unm. 31 Aug 1819. DNB.

Locke, John, 1632-1704

  • GB-2014-WSA-00006
  • Person
  • 1632-1704

LOCKE, JOHN, elder son of John Locke, Pensford, Somerset, attorney, and Agnes, dau. of Edmund Keene, Wrington, Somerset, tanner; b. 29 Aug 1632; adm. 1647 (lodging with Mrs. Susan Bates); KS 1650 (WAM 43057); elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1652, matr. 27 Nov 1652, Westminster Student to Jan 1674/5, Faculty Student Jan 1674/5 – expulsion 15 Nov 1684, Tutor and Censor; BA 14 Feb 1655/6; MA 1658 (incorp. Cambridge 1663); MB 6 Feb 1674/5; adm. Gray’s Inn 10 Dec 1656; Secretary to Sir Walter Vane, Envoy to Elector of Brandenburg 1665-6; obtained royal dispensation to retain his Studentship at Christ Church, notwithstanding his failure to take orders, 14 Nov 1666; practised medicine; resident physician to Lord Ashley (afterwards 1st Earl of Shaftesbury) 1667; FRS 26 Nov 1668; Secretary to the Lords Proprietor of Carolina 1669 – Jun 1675; Secretary of Presentations to Lord Shaftesbury when Lord Chancellor in 1672-3; Secretary to Council of Trade Oct 1673 – Mar 1674/5; lived in France 1675-9; expelled from his Faculty Studentship 15 Nov 1684 for his supposed complicity in Shaftesbury’s plots; lived in Netherlands 1683-9; returned to England in Feb 1688/9; from spring 1691 lived mostly in retirement at the seat of Sir Francis Masham at Oates, Essex; a Commissioner of Appeals in Excise from 20 May 1689; member, Board of Trade 15 May 1696 – Jun 1700; his first letter on Toleration was published in 1689, his Essay concerning Human Understanding and his The Treatises of Government appeared in 1690, and his treatise On Education in 1693; called by J. S. Mill “the unquestioned founder of the analytic philosophy of mind”; his Collected Works were published in 1714; d. unm. 28 Oct 1704. DNB.

Markham, William, 1719-1807

  • GB-2014-WSA-00977
  • Person
  • 1719-1807

MARKHAM, WILLIAM, eldest son of Maj. William Markham, Barrack-Master of Kinsale, co. Cork, and Elizabeth, dau. of George Markham, Worksop, Notts.; bapt. 9 Apr 1719; adm. (aged 14) 21 Jun 1733; KS (Capt. ) 1734; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1738, matr. 6 Jun 1738, Westminster Student 23 Dec 1738 – void by marriage 18 Jun 1759, Tutor 1742-52, Junior Censor 1751; BA 1742; MA 1745; BCL and DCL 1752; adm. Gray’s Inn 29 Jan 1742/3; ordained priest (Oxford) 17 Dec 1748; Head Master of the School Feb 1753 – Mar 1764; Chaplain in Ordinary to George II 1756 (still 1760); Prebendary of Durham 22 Jun 1759 – Feb 1771; Dean of Rochester 20 Feb 1765 – Oct 1767; Vicar of Boxley, Kent 1765-71; Dean of Christ Church, Oxford 23 Oct 1767 – Jan 1777; consecrated Bishop of Chester 17 Feb 1771; Preceptor to Prince of Wales and Prince Frederick 12 Apr 1771 – 28 May 1776; Archbishop of York from 20 Jan 1777; Lord High Almoner from 21 Jan 1777; Privy Councillor 31 Jan 1777; attacked in House of Lords by Duke of Grafton and Earl of Shelburne 30 May 1777, for having preached doctrines subversive of the Constitution in a sermon at St. Mary-le-Bow Feb 1777; Markham’s “pernicious” doctrines were also attacked by Earl of Chatham; had a narrow escape at his house in Bloomsbury Square during Gordon Riots; at one time an intimate friend of Edmund Burke, whose Philiosophical Enquiry, 1756, he corrected for the press, and afterwards revised; a staunch friend and supporter of Warren Hastings (qv); “our great glory”, wrote Jeremy Bentham (qv), “was Dr. Markham : he was a tall portly man and “high he held his head” … We stood prodigiously in awe of him; indeed he was an object of adoration” (Bentham, Works, 1843, x, 30); during his Head mastership the old Granary in Dean’s Yard was removed and the houses on the Terrace probably built; donor of the scenes for the Latin Play, designed by James Stuart and in use from 1758 to 1808; Busby Trustee 18 Mar 1756; m. 16 Jun 1759 Sarah, dau. of John Goddard, Rotterdam, merchant; d. 3 Nov 1807. Buried North Cloister, Westminster Abbey. DNB.

Nicoll, John, 1683-1765

  • GB-2014-WSA-13036
  • Person
  • 1683-1765

NICOLL, JOHN, son of Rev. John Nicoll, Preston Capes, Northants, schoolmaster, and Mary, eldest dau. of Richard Butler, Preston Capes; b. 6 Nov 1683; adm.; KS 1700; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1704, matr. 23 Jun 1704, aged 19, Westminster Student 22 Dec 1704 – void 1722 (expiry year of grace as R. Hannington from 1721), Tutor 1713; BA 1708; MA 15 Mar 1710/1; DD 1733; ordained deacon 23 Feb 1711; succeded George Tollet (qv) as Under Master 1714, but patent not sealed until 20 Mar 1714/5; Head Master, Westminster School May 1733 (patent sealed 5 Feb 1733/4) – res Feb 1753; Rector of Hannington, Hampshire 1721-8; Rector of Meon Stoke with Soberton, Hampshire 31 Aug 1728 – Mar 1755; Prebendary of Westminster from 6 Oct 1740; Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, from 30 Dec 1751; Proctor in Convocation, for Chapter of Westminster Abbey (Chamberlayne 1748); Busby Trustee 24 Feb 1729/30; m. 2 Jan 1723/4 Alice, widow of John Lewis, London, and mother of William Lewis (adm. 1722, qv); d. 19 Sep 1765. Buried Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford.

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