Type of entity
Authorized form of name
Pelham, Henry, 1695-1754
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Dates of existence
PELHAM, HON. HENRY, brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle (qv); b. c. Jan 1695; at school under Knipe (Steward, Anniversary Dinner 1726-7); King’s Coll. Cambridge, adm. fellow commoner, matr. Easter 1709; migrated to Hart Hall, Oxford, matr. 6 Sep 1710; perhaps Grand Tour (a H. Pelham was in Italy 1711-2); Capt., Dormer’s Regt., 22 Jul 1715; served against Jacobites at Preston; MP Seaford Feb 1717-22, Sussex from 1722; a supporter and close associate of Sir Robert Walpole; Treasurer of the Chamber 25 May 1720 – Mar 1722; a Lord of the Treasury 3 Apr 1721 – Mar 1724; Secretary at War 1 Apr 1724 – May 1730; Privy Councillor 1 Jun 1725; Paymaster-General of the Forces 8 May 1730 – Aug 1743; First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer 25 Aug 1743 – 11 Feb 1745 and from 14 Feb 1745; opposed to the pro-Hanoverian foreign policy followed by his ministerial colleague John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (qv), and on Carteret’s dismissal rearranged the ministry on a “broad-bottom” basis by including several Tories; resigned office briefly in Feb 1745, but resumed office after Carteret and William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath (qv) had failed to form a ministry; acted as one of the Lord Justices during George II’s absences abroad 1743, 1745, 1750 and 1752; a good man of business and an able financier; Busby Trustee 25 Feb 1741/2; m. 29 Oct 1726 Lady Catherine Manners, eldest dau. of John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland KG; d. 6 Mar 1754. DNB.
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Authority record identifier
Rules and/or conventions used
International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families - ISAAR(CPF) 2nd edition
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Prepared for import into AtoM by Westminster School Archive staff, 2019-2020
Users should note that the information recorded here that is not to be found in the first two volumes of the Record of Old Westminsters and its first Supplement has been assembled from various published and manuscript sources by Hugh Edmund Pagan MA FSA, and all new resulting text is his copyright, © 2014.
The Record of Old Westminsters: A biographical list of all those who are known to have been educated at Westminster School from the earliest times to 1927, Volumes 1 & 2, compiled by G. F. Russell Barker and Alan H. Stenning, London, 1928.
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