Showing 91 results

People & Organisations

Short, Augustus, 1802-1883

  • GB-2014-WSA-15643
  • Person
  • 1802-1883

SHORT, AUGUSTUS, brother of Mayow Short (adm. 1809, qv); b. 11 Jun 1802; adm. 23 Jan 1809 (G); left Christmas 1809; readm. Nov 1811; KS 1816; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1820, matr. 12 May 1820, Westminster Student 1820-35 (check), Tutor and Lecturer 1829, Librarian and Censor 1833; 1st cl. Classics 1823; BA 1824; MA 1826; DD 1847; Public Examiner 1833-4; adm. Middle Temple 5 Jun 1817; ordained deacon 1826, priest 1827 (both Oxford); Curate, Culham, Oxfordshire 1827; Rector of Ravensthorpe, Northants 10 Jun 1835-47; Select Preacher, Oxford Univ. 1843, Bampton Lecturer 1846; consecrated first Bishop of Adelaide, Australia 29 Jun 1847; resigned see 1882 and returned to England; m. 10 Dec 1835 Millicent Clara, second dau. of John Phillips, Culham House, Oxfordshire; d. 5 Oct 1883. DNB.

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, ca. 1745-1825

  • GB-2014-WSA-13982
  • Person
  • ca. 1745-1825

PINCKNEY, CHARLES COTESWORTH, elder son of Col. Charles Pinckney, Charleston, South Carolina, North America, Commissioner Colony of Carolina in London, and his second wife Eliza, eldest dau. of Lieut. -Col. George Lucas, Governor of Antigua; b. 25 Feb 1745/6; at school under Markham (H. H. Ravenel, Eliza Pinckney, 1896, 209-12); Christ Church, Oxford, matr. 19 Jan 1764; adm. Middle Temple 24 Jan 1764, called to bar 27 Jan 1769; returned to Charleston 1769; took part in political agitation against British rule and elected to Provincial Congress; Capt., 1st Regt. Carolina troops in revolutionary army on outbreak of rebellion; ADC to Washington 1777; served under General Hare 1778; in command Fort Moultrie during siege of Charleston 1780, and became prisoner of war on its capitulation; delegate to Convention which framed constitution of the USA, to the State Convention that ratified it and to the State Constitutional Convention 1790; declined seat on US Supreme Court and Cabinet office under Washington; US Minister to France 1796; on his return, elected to Congress as Federalist; defeated candidate for Vice-Presidency of US 1800 and for Presidency 1804; held rank of Maj. -Gen. in US Army; m. 1st, 28 Sep 1773 Sarah, sister of Arthur Middleton (qv); m. 2nd, 23 Jun 1786 Mary, dau. of Benjamin Stead; d. 26 Aug 1825.

Churchill, Charles, 1732-1764

  • GB-2014-WSA-00440
  • Person
  • 1732-1764

CHURCHILL, CHARLES, eldest son of Charles Churchill (adm. 1717/8, qv); b. Feb 1731/2; adm. (aged 9) May 1741; KS (Capt. ) 1745; left 1748 [or 1747 ?]; St. John’s Coll. Cambridge, adm. pens. 8 Jul 1748; ordained deacon (Wells) 22 Sep 1754, priest (Rochester for London) 19 Dec 1756; Curate, South Cadbury and Sparkford, Somerset, 1754-6, and to his father at Rainham, Essex, 1756-8; Curate and Lecturer, St. John the Evangelist, Westminster, 1758-63; became involved in debt, and was in danger of imprisonment until befriended by Pierson Lloyd (qv), who induced the creditors to accept a composition; author of the poems The Rosciad and The Apology, published in 1761; by their sale he is said to have cleared no less than £2000; became an intimate friend of John Wilkes, with whom he worked on The North Briton; his poems satirised Hogarth, Bute, Sandwich, and others; his literary career, although brief, was brilliant; although he led a reckless and extravagant life, his generosity was undoubted and he remained an unwavering friend of Robert Lloyd (qv); William Cowper (qv) held him in high estimation as a poet and called him the “great Churchill” (Works of William Cowper, 1836, vi, 9-10); for an account of Byron’s visit to his grave at Dover, see Lord Broughton’s Recollections of a Long Life, i, 335; his collected works were published in two volumes, 1763-4; m. c. 1749 Martha Scott, Westminster; d. at Boulogne, 4 Nov 1764. DNB.

Impey, Elijah, Sir, 1732-1809

  • GB-2014-WSA-00019
  • Person
  • 1732-1809

IMPEY, SIR ELIJAH, brother of Michael Impey (adm. 1730, qv); b. 13 Jun 1732; adm. Sep 1740; KS 1747; Capt. of the School 1751; Trinity Coll. Cambridge, adm. pens. 28 Jan 1752, scholar 24 Apr 1752, matr. Easter 1754; Chancellor’s Second Medal 1756; BA 1756; MA 1759; Minor Fellow, Trinity Coll. 3 Oct 1757, Major Fellow 4 Jul 1759; adm. Lincoln’s Inn 8 Nov 1751, called to bar 23 Nov 1756; Western Circuit; Recorder of Basingstoke 11 Apr 1766-73; adm. Inner Temple 20 Nov 1766, tenant chambers there 21 Nov 1766 – 16 Jun 1768; Counsel for East India Company before House of Commons 1772; Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Bengal 22 Mar 1774 – 1 Nov 1787; knighted 30 Mar 1774; confirmed committal of Nuncomar for forgery and sentenced him to death 1775; ruled that Warren Hastings (qv) had not resigned the post of Governor-General 1777; his judicial powers were restricted by a compromise between Hastings and Philip Francis 1779; President of new Appeal Court (Sadar Diwani Adalat) over local tribunals 1780-2; recalled to defend himself against charges of illegality brought by Francis 1783; defended himself successfully against six charges at bar of House of Commons 1788, including the proceedings against Nuncomar and the exercise of extended judicial powers contrary to his patent; MP New Romney 1790-6; his biography was written by his son, Elijah Barwell Impey (qv), and published in 1846; m. 18 Jan 1768 Mary, dau. of Sir John Reade, Bart., Shipton Court, Oxfordshire; d. 1 Oct 1809. DNB.

South, Robert, 1634-1716

  • GB-2014-WSA-01309
  • Person
  • 1634-1716

SOUTH, ROBERT, son of Robert South, Hackney, Middlesex, merchant, and his second wife Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Capt. John Berry, Lydd, Kent; b. 4 Sep 1634; adm.; was “up School” on the morning of 30 Jan 1648/9, when “the King was publicly prayed for … but an hour or two (at most) before his sacred head was struck off “ (South, Sermons, 1823, iii, 411); KS 1650; elected head to Christ Church, Oxford 1651, matr. 11 Dec 1651, Westminster Student to 1670 [check]; BA 24 Feb 1654/5; MA 1657 (incorp. Cambridge 1659); BD and DD 1663 (incorp. Cambridge 1664); ordained 1658; Public Orator, Oxford Univ. 10 Aug 1660 – Nov 1677, res.; Chaplain to Earl of Clarendon, Chancellor of Oxford Univ.; Prebendary of Westminster from 30 Mar 1663; Rector of Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant, Denbighshire 1666/7 – still 1678 (when disp. to hold with R. Islip); Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, from 29 Dec 1670; went to Poland as Chaplain to Laurence Hyde (afterwards Earl of Rochester), Ambassador there 1676-8; Rector of Islip, Oxfordshire, from 1678; Chaplain in Ordinary to Charles II; attacked William Sherlock, Master of the Temple, in his Animadversions, 1693, and accused Sherlock of Tritheism 1695; declined Bishopric of Rochester and Deanery of Westminster on death of Thomas Sprat in 1713; an eloquent and pithy preacher, with a gift of humour; rebuilt chancel and rectory at Islip at his own expense; bequeathed his property in Caversham, Oxfordshire, and Kentish Town, Middlesex, to Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford, upon trust for certain charities named in his will, the surplus of the yearly income to be paid to six poor scholars of Christ Church who had been “bred and brought up in Westminster School, commanly called the King’s or Queen’s Scholars [check] there”; an original trustee of Busby’s will; several editions of his collected sermons have been published; d. unm. 8 Jul 1716. After lying in state four days in Jerusalem Chamber, his body was carried into College Hall, where John Barber (qv), Captain of the KSS, pronounced a funeral oration over it; buried at the foot of the steps before the altar, Westminster Abbey, near the grave of Richard Busby (qv), with monument facing Poets’ Corner. DNB.

Cumberland, Richard, 1732-1811

  • GB-2014-WSA-00506
  • Person
  • 1732-1811

CUMBERLAND, RICHARD, only son of Denison Cumberland (qv); b. 19 Feb 1732; adm. from Bury St. Edmunds Sch. Jan 1745/6 (Ludford); Trinity Coll. Cambridge, adm. pens. 11 Jun 1747, scholar 1748, matr. 1748; 6th Wrangler 1750/1; BA 1750/1; MA 1754; Minor Fellow, Trinity Coll. 1752, Major Fellow 1753; private secretary to George, 2nd Earl of Halifax c. 1754-65; Crown Agent for Nova Scotia c. 1758 - ?; held post of Ulster Secretary Apr 1761 - Apr 1763 during Halifax’s term of office as Lord Lieut. Ireland; Solicitor and Clerk of Reports, Board of Trade 31 May 1765 - Jan 1776, Secretary to Board of Trade 23 Jan 1776 - 2 May 1782, when post abolished; on unsuccessful secret mission to Spain Jun 1780 - Apr 1781, seeking to secure a separate peace with that country; after the abolition of his government appointment he settled in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, holding a commission in local volunteers during Napoleonic Wars; author of numerous comedies, tragedies, translations and novels; his most successful play, The West Indian, was produced by Garrick in 1771 and ran for twenty-eight nights; described by Goldsmith in his Retaliation as “the Terence of England” and caricatured by Sheridan as Sir Fretful Plagiary in The Critic (see Lord Broughton, Recollections of a Long Life, i, 138); wrote with Sir John Bland Burges (qv) an epic called the Exodiad, 1808; author, The Observer, almost the last imitation of The Spectator; his Memoirs, published in 1807, contain several interesting references to the School and to his contemporaries there; m. 19 Feb 1759 Elizabeth, only dau. of George Ridge, Kilmeston, Hants.; d. 7 May 1811. Buried in Poets’ Corner, Westminster Abbey. DNB.

Hurst, Sir Cecil James Barrington, 1870-1963

  • GB-2014-WSA-019240
  • Person
  • 1870-1963

HURST, SIR CECIL JAMES BARRINGTON, third son of Robert Henry Hurst (adm. 1831, qv); b. 28 Oct 1870; adm. 26 Jan 1883 ( R); left Jul 1888; Trinity Coll. Cambridge (with Triplett), adm. pens. 21 May 1888, matr. Mich. 1888; 2nd cl. Law Tripos pt. i, 1891, 1st cl. Law Tripos pt. ii, 1892; LLB 1892; LLM 1896; hon. LLD 1928; adm. Middle Temple 9 Oct 1890, called to bar 17 Nov 1893, KC 1913, Bencher 1922, Treasurer 1940 ; South-Eastern Circuit; Junior Counsel to Post Office on S. E. Circuit 1901-2; Assistant Legal Adviser, Foreign Office 1 Apr 1902-18, Legal Adviser Aug 1918-29; Legal Secretary to British Plenipotentiaries at Second Peace Conference, The Hague 1 May 1907; largely responsible for the general drafting of the Peace Treaty of 1919; member, Permanent Court of International Justice, The Hague 1929-45, President 1934-7; President, United Nations War Crimes Commission 1943-5; CB 9 Nov 1907; KCB 5 Jun 1920; KCMG 7 Nov 1924; GCMG 1 Jan 1926; hon LLD Edinburgh; editor, British Yearbook of International Law, 1919-; Busby Trustee 19 May 1925; of Rusper Nunnery, Horsham, Sussex; JP Sussex 1931; m. 21 Dec 1901 Sibyl Gabriel Lumley, elder dau. of His Hon. Sir Lumley Smith KC, Cadogan Square, Chelsea, Judge of City of London Court; d. 1963.

Hesilrigge, Arthur, d. 1661

  • GB-2014-WSA-09143
  • Person
  • d. 1661

HESILRIGGE, SIR ARTHUR, BART., eldest son of Sir Thomas Hesilrigge, Bart., and Frances, dau. of Sir William Gorges, Kt, Alderton, Northants; b.; at school under Osbaldeston (Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, iii, 578); Magdalene Coll. Cambridge, fellow commoner, matr. Easter 1617; adm. Gray’s Inn 29 Jan 1622/3; succ. father as 2nd baronet 11 Jan 1629; MP Leicestershire 1640-53 [check], Leicester 1654-60; a staunch Puritan and opponent of Laud; introduced bill of attainder against Strafford; promoted the “Root and branch” bill, and proposed the Militia bill; one of the five members impeached by the King 3 Jan 1641/2; raised a troop of horse for Parliament; fought at battle of Edgehill 1642, wounded at battles of Lansdowne and Roundway Down 1643; did good service at battle of Cheriton; a leader of the Independents in House of Commons after the passing of the self-denying ordinance 1645; Governor of Newcastle upon Tyne 30 Dec 1647; recaptured Tynemouth 11 Aug 1648; refused to act as one of the King’s judges 1649; accompanied Cromwell to Scotland and supported him with reserves after battle of Dunbar; member of Council of State during Commonwealth, but opposed to Cromwell’s government after dissolution of Long Parliament; refused to pay taxes not levied by Parliament, or to become a member of the Upper House 1657; opposed succession of Richard Cromwell, and intrigued with the Army against him; at his instigation Lambert was cashiered and the Rump Parliament restored; one of the five Commissioners for the Government of the Army 11 Feb 1659/60; accused of intriguing against Monk; arrested at the Restoration, and excepted by the Bill of Indemnity for pains and penalties not extending to life; m. 1st, 24 May 1624 Frances, dau. of Thomas Elmes, Lilford, Northants; m. 2nd, 26 Jun 1634 Dorothy, dau. of Fulke Greville, Thorpe Latimer, Lincs., and sister of Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, General in Parliamentary army; d. a prisoner in the Tower of London 7 Jan 1660/1. DNB.

Trelawny, Jonathan, 1650-1721

  • GB-2014-WSA-17033
  • Person
  • 1650-1721

TRELAWNY, SIR JONATHAN, BART., third son of Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bart., and Mary, dau. of Sir Edward Seymour, Bart.; b. 24 Mar 1650; adm.; KS 1663; Exeter Coll. Oxford, adm. commoner 14 Apr 1668 while still at school, but elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1668, matr. 11 Dec 1668, Westminster Student 26 Dec 1668- void 1679, Tutor 1678; BA 1672; MA 1675; DD 1685; adm. Middle Temple 1 Nov 1669; ordained 4 Sep 1673; Vicar of South Hill, Cornwall 4 Oct 1677-89; Rector of St. Ives, Cornwall 12 Dec 1677-89; succ. father as 3rd baronet Mar 1680/1; distinguished himself by his active opposition to Monmouth’s rebellion summer 1685; consecrated Bishop of Bristol 8 Nov 1685; refused to sign address in favour of first Declaration of Indulgence 1687; assisted in drawing up the petition of the Bishops against the second Declaration of Indulgence, and was sent to the Tower 8 Jun 1688; tried for seditious libel with the six other bishops and acquitted 30 Jun 1688; took the oaths to William and Mary; translated to Exeter 13 Apr 1689; Archdeacon of Totnes 1693-4, Exeter 1704-7; established his rights as Visitor of Exeter Coll. Oxford 1694; supported Atterbury in his movement for the revival of Convocation; translated to Winchester 14 Jan 1707; a benefactor to the building of Tom Tower, at Christ Church, Oxford, 1680-1; Busby Trustee 28 Jan 1719/20; m. 1684 Rebecca, dau. of Thomas Hele, Bascombe, Devon; d. 19 Jul 1721. DNB.

Egerton, (Walter) Raleigh Gilbert, 1860-1931

  • GB-2014-WSA-06707
  • Person
  • 1860-1931

EGERTON, SIR (WALTER) RALEIGH GILBERT, third son of Sir Robert Eyles Egerton KCSI CIE, Bengal Civil Service, Lieut. -Gov. Punjab, and his first wife Mary Warren, dau. of William Hickey, Calcutta, and niece of Lieut. -Gen. Sir Walter Raleigh Gilbert, Bart., GCB, Bengal Army (previously EICS Bengal); b. 25 Sep 1860; adm. as exhibitioner (G) 4 Jun 1874; QS 1875; left May 1877; RMC Sandhurst 1878-9; 2nd Lieut., 17th Foot 13 Aug 1879; Lieut., Leicestershire Regt. 19 Feb 1881; Bengal Staff Corps 1 Nov 1881; Capt., Indian Staff Corps 13 Aug 1890; Brevet Maj., 18 Nov 1896; Indian Army 13 Aug 1899; Lieut. -Col., Indian Army 13 Aug 1905; Col., 6 Jun 1907; temp. Brig. -Gen., 14 Nov 1911 - 13 Nov 1914; Brigade Commander, Ferozepore 14 Nov 1911 - 14 Sep 1914 and on Western Front in France 15 Sep 1914 - 16 Nov 1916; Maj. -Gen., 14 Nov 1914; Lieut. -Gen., 27 Aug 1917; retired 1 Apr 1920; ADC to Lieut. -Gov. Punjab 1897-9; Assistant Adjutant-Gen., India 1900-3; served in Hazara expedition 1888, Isazai expedition 1892, Waziristan 1894-5, Chitral 1895, Dongola expedition 1896, Waziristan 1901-2. and in Great War in France and Mesopotamia; mentioned in despatches LG 8 Aug 1902, 17 Feb 1915, 1 Jan 1916, 19 Oct 1916, 15 Aug 1917, 27 Aug 1918, 1 Feb and 5 Jun 1919; CB 14 Jun 1912; KCB 3 Jun 1916; KCIE 25 Aug 1917; Order of Karageorge (Serbia), 2nd cl. with swords 1916; Busby Trustee from May 1927; m. 1st, 22 Aug 1894 Bridget Watson, eldest dau. of Watson Askew-Robertson, Pallinsburn House, Northumberland; m. 2nd, 21 Mar 1903 Maude Helen, only dau. of Sir George Rendlesham Prescott, Bart.; d. 2 May 1931.

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