Pelham sits on the left to the front of the composition. He is depicted with dark blue-grey eyes and heavy eyebrows nearly concealing a wart above his right eye. His long grey wig falling in front of his left shoulder and behind his right. He wears his chancellor's gown with gold lace over black coat, with a flocked details, lace cravat and wrist ruffles. Pelham is seated in a plain red chair, draped curtain behind, a letter without writing in his left hand. On the right sits John Roberts, with dark blue-grey eyes and dark brows. He is positioned behind a table draped with a green cloth. Roberts wears a red coat with the top button fastened and lace cuffs; he holds a quill to a page and further papers topped by an inkstand holding a second quill can be seen on the extreme right. Behind Roberts is an archway with sky and trees visible beyond. The composition is lit from the top left.