Showing 16 results

People & Organisations
Head Master, Westminster School

Busby, Richard, 1606-1695

  • GB-2014-WSA-00002
  • Person
  • 1606-1695

BUSBY, RICHARD, second son of Richard Busby, Lutton, otherwise Sutton St. Nicholas, Lincs., and ---, sister of Henry Robinson, Westminster ; b. 22 Sep 1606 ; adm. ; KS (Capt.) ; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1624, matr. 10 Feb 1625/6, Westminster Student to 1661, Tutor 1632-7 ; BA 1628 (incorp.Camb.1628) ; MA 1631 ; DD 1660 ; acted the part of Cratander in Cartwright’s Royal Slave before the King and Queen at Christ Church 30 Aug 1636, with great success ; ordained ; appointed Head Master of the School in the place of Lambert Osbaldeston (qv) in 1638/9, but not confirmed in that office until 23 Dec 1640 ; Prebendary of Wells and Rector of Cudworth, Somerset, 1 Jul 1639 ; ejected from his stall and rectory during the Commonwealth, but was allowed to retain his Studentship at Christ Church and his post at Westminster ; there is no evidence that he took either the Covenant or the Engagement, and of his loyalty both to Church and King there is no question ; Robert South (qv) relates that “the King was publicly prayed for in this school but an hour or two (at most) before his sacred head was struck off”, while John Owen, Dean of Christ Church, used often to say that “it would never be well with the nation till this School was suppressed” (Sermons preached upon several occasions by Robert South, 1865, i, 420-32) ; his chief trouble during the Commonwealth seems to have been with the Under Master, Edward Bagshaw (qv), who was eventually dismissed from the School by the Governors, May 1658 ; restored as Prebendary of Wells on the Restoration, also Canon Residentiary and Treasurer from 11 Aug 1660 ; Proctor in Convocation, Diocese of Bath and Wells ; Prebendary of Westminster from 5 Jul 1660, Treasurer 1660-72, Archdeacon from 1672 ; carried the ampulla at the Coronation of Charles II, 23 Apr 1661, and the orb and cross at the Coronation of James II, 23 Apr 1685 ; a great schoolmaster and a most successful teacher ; “the soil”, says Steele, “which he manured, always grew fertile” ; gained the respect and veneration of his pupils in spite of his excessive use of the birch ; his chair is preserved up School, and many of the books which he bequeathed to the School are still in the Busby Library, built by him at his own expense ; the Busby Trustees, thirteen in number and always OWW, still carry out the charitable trusts of his will for the benefit of the poorer clergy and others ; author, Graecae Grammaticae Rudimenta, 1663, and other books for the use of the School ; d. unm. 5 Apr 1695 ; buried in the Choir, Westminster Abbey, in front of the steps leading to the Sacrarium, under the black and white marble pavement of which he was the donor ; monument by Bird in Poet’s Corner. DNB ; see also G.F.Russell Barker, Memoir of Richard Busby, 1695.

Carleton, John Dudley, 1908-1974

  • GB-2014-WSA-00018
  • Person
  • 1908-1974

Carleton, John Dudley, son of Brig.-Gen. Frederick Montgomerie Carleton DSO, of Butler's Marston, Warks, and Emma Gwendolen Priscilla, d. of Sampson Samuel Lloyd of Dolobran, Montgom.; b. 29 Aug. 1908; adm. Jan. 1922 (H); left July 1927; Merton Coll. Oxf., matric. 1927, BA 1930, MA 1947; an asst master at the school 1932-49; War Office (attd Special Forces) 1941- 5; appointed Under Master Election 1949 (on the revival of that office); Head Master 29 June 1957 to 31 Aug. 1970; chairman Westminster Sch. Soc. Council 1946-57; a Busby Trustee 1969-74; pres. Elizabethan Club 1974; author of Westminster 1938, Westminster School 1965; m. 5 Aug. 1965 Janet Buchanan, writer under the name of Janet Adam Smith, d. of Very Rev. Sir George Adam Smith DD, Principal of Aberdeen Univ., and widow of Michael Roberts, Prin­cipal of Coll. of St Mark & St John, Chelsea; d. 6 Nov. 1974.

Grant, Edward, d. 1601

  • GB-2014-WSA-08131
  • Person
  • d. 1601

GRANT, EDWARD; b.; at school under Passey and Randal (Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, I, 711); St. John’s Coll. Cambridge, sizar, matr. 22 Feb 1563/4; migrated to Exeter Coll., Oxford; BA 27 Feb 1571/2; MA 1572 (incorp. Cambridge 16 Dec 1573); BD Cambridge 1578/9 (incorp. Oxford 19 May 1579); DD Cambridge 1588; preacher at Cambridge Univ. 1580; an Assistant Master at the School 1570-2, Head Master 1572 – Feb 1592/3; ordained; Prebendary of Westminster from 26 May 1577, subsequently Sub-Dean; Rector of Shenley, Herts., 1581; Rector of South Benfleet, Essex 22 Dec 1584-5; Rector of Bintree and Foulsham, Norfolk 20 Nov 1586-94; Prebendary of Ely from 1589, also Prebendary of Salisbury Jan 1592 – Jun 1593 or later; Rector of East Barnet, Herts., from 3 Nov 1586; Rector of Algarkirk, Lincs., from 1594; Rector of Toppesfield, Essex, from 22 Apr 1598; “the most noted Latinist and Grecian of his time” (Wood, ibid. ); an intimate friend of Roger Ascham; author, Graecae Linguae Spicilegium, 1575, afterward epitomised by William Camden as Institutio Graecae Grammaticae Compendiaria in Usum Scholae Regiae Westmonasteriensis, 1597, the book becoming known in later years as the Eton Greek Grammar; m. Susan ---; d. 4 Aug 1601. Buried Westminster Abbey. DNB.

Ireland, Richard, 1571-1636

  • GB-2014-WSA-09909
  • Person
  • 1571-1636

IRELAND, RICHARD, son of Richard Ireland, King Street, Westminster, fishmonger, and Margaret Floud; bapt. 15 Jul 1571; at school (aged 11) 2 Jul 1582; QS; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1587, matr. 9 Feb 1587/8, Westminster Student to 1598; BA 1591; MA 1594; Head Master of the School 1598- still Jan 1610, when in consideration of his health a joint patent of the Head Mastership, dated 25 Jan 1609/10, was granted to him and to John Wilson (elected Oxford 1602, qv); a few months later he became a Roman Catholic and fled to France; resident at Collège d’Arras, Paris, at 10 Jan 1617; living in London as a RC priest in 1623 (Foley, History of the English Province, i, 680); d. c. 1636 (will dated Douai 9 Oct 1636, proved Paris 12 Jul 1637).

Markham, William, 1719-1807

  • GB-2014-WSA-00977
  • Person
  • 1719-1807

MARKHAM, WILLIAM, eldest son of Maj. William Markham, Barrack-Master of Kinsale, co. Cork, and Elizabeth, dau. of George Markham, Worksop, Notts.; bapt. 9 Apr 1719; adm. (aged 14) 21 Jun 1733; KS (Capt. ) 1734; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1738, matr. 6 Jun 1738, Westminster Student 23 Dec 1738 – void by marriage 18 Jun 1759, Tutor 1742-52, Junior Censor 1751; BA 1742; MA 1745; BCL and DCL 1752; adm. Gray’s Inn 29 Jan 1742/3; ordained priest (Oxford) 17 Dec 1748; Head Master of the School Feb 1753 – Mar 1764; Chaplain in Ordinary to George II 1756 (still 1760); Prebendary of Durham 22 Jun 1759 – Feb 1771; Dean of Rochester 20 Feb 1765 – Oct 1767; Vicar of Boxley, Kent 1765-71; Dean of Christ Church, Oxford 23 Oct 1767 – Jan 1777; consecrated Bishop of Chester 17 Feb 1771; Preceptor to Prince of Wales and Prince Frederick 12 Apr 1771 – 28 May 1776; Archbishop of York from 20 Jan 1777; Lord High Almoner from 21 Jan 1777; Privy Councillor 31 Jan 1777; attacked in House of Lords by Duke of Grafton and Earl of Shelburne 30 May 1777, for having preached doctrines subversive of the Constitution in a sermon at St. Mary-le-Bow Feb 1777; Markham’s “pernicious” doctrines were also attacked by Earl of Chatham; had a narrow escape at his house in Bloomsbury Square during Gordon Riots; at one time an intimate friend of Edmund Burke, whose Philiosophical Enquiry, 1756, he corrected for the press, and afterwards revised; a staunch friend and supporter of Warren Hastings (qv); “our great glory”, wrote Jeremy Bentham (qv), “was Dr. Markham : he was a tall portly man and “high he held his head” … We stood prodigiously in awe of him; indeed he was an object of adoration” (Bentham, Works, 1843, x, 30); during his Head mastership the old Granary in Dean’s Yard was removed and the houses on the Terrace probably built; donor of the scenes for the Latin Play, designed by James Stuart and in use from 1758 to 1808; Busby Trustee 18 Mar 1756; m. 16 Jun 1759 Sarah, dau. of John Goddard, Rotterdam, merchant; d. 3 Nov 1807. Buried North Cloister, Westminster Abbey. DNB.

Nicoll, John, 1683-1765

  • GB-2014-WSA-13036
  • Person
  • 1683-1765

NICOLL, JOHN, son of Rev. John Nicoll, Preston Capes, Northants, schoolmaster, and Mary, eldest dau. of Richard Butler, Preston Capes; b. 6 Nov 1683; adm.; KS 1700; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1704, matr. 23 Jun 1704, aged 19, Westminster Student 22 Dec 1704 – void 1722 (expiry year of grace as R. Hannington from 1721), Tutor 1713; BA 1708; MA 15 Mar 1710/1; DD 1733; ordained deacon 23 Feb 1711; succeded George Tollet (qv) as Under Master 1714, but patent not sealed until 20 Mar 1714/5; Head Master, Westminster School May 1733 (patent sealed 5 Feb 1733/4) – res Feb 1753; Rector of Hannington, Hampshire 1721-8; Rector of Meon Stoke with Soberton, Hampshire 31 Aug 1728 – Mar 1755; Prebendary of Westminster from 6 Oct 1740; Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, from 30 Dec 1751; Proctor in Convocation, for Chapter of Westminster Abbey (Chamberlayne 1748); Busby Trustee 24 Feb 1729/30; m. 2 Jan 1723/4 Alice, widow of John Lewis, London, and mother of William Lewis (adm. 1722, qv); d. 19 Sep 1765. Buried Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford.

Page, William, 1778-1819

  • GB-2014-WSA-01088
  • Person
  • 1778-1819

PAGE, WILLIAM, eldest son of William Emmanuel Page (qv); b. 18 Feb 1778; adm.; KS 1791; elected to Christ Church, Oxford 1795, matr. 3 Jun 1795, Westminster Student 24 Dec 1795 – void by marriage 5 Nov 1803, Tutor 1799; BA 1799; MA 1802; BD 1809; DD 1815; ordained 1802; Under Master, Westminster School 1802-14, Head Master Jan 1815 – Aug 1819; Vicar of Willen, Bucks., from 25 Feb 1806; Vicar of Steventon, Berks., 1812-7; Rector of Nunburnholme, Yorks., 1812-7; Rector of Quainton, Bucks., Dec 1817; Sub-Almoner to King from c. 1815; Busby Trustee 8 Jun 1816; m. 12 Aug 1803 Mary, dau. of Thomas Davis, Bicester, Oxfordshire, surgeon; d. 20 Sep 1819.

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